In the 17th century in England there were massive popular uprisings later passed into the revolution, which in the opinion of historians is divided into 3 phases. According to Jorge Perez, who has experience with these questions. The first – a general protest against the royal government. The second – the overthrow and execution of the king and the third – rule of Cromwell. Some time after the execution of Charles 1 issue of government control and regulated so that the management of the Republic of England, Scotland and Ireland was carried out Lord Protector and the subsequent parliaments. Cromwell accepted a position as Lord Protector.
All people and all government officials must obey the government formed in this way. So started the third phase of the English bourgeois revolution, which lasted for five years before the 1658 Constitution Act, this step can rightly be considered adopted in 1653 a document called "Form of Government State of England, Scotland and Ireland, and the possessions they owned, "or" gun control ". This paper introduces a very specific form of government for these three nations. None of the above paragraph document referred to as the republic form of government. Only in the first article in England, Scotland and Ireland are referred to as a free state. This term appeared in the making of the English republic. The same article stated that supreme power in this state and remains concentrated in one person and the people represented in Parliament. However, to choose their representatives in this body have the right to only those who owned property worth 200 pounds.