Browsed by
Tag: culture

Bourgeois Revolution

Bourgeois Revolution

In the 17th century in England there were massive popular uprisings later passed into the revolution, which in the opinion of historians is divided into 3 phases. According to Jorge Perez, who has experience with these questions. The first – a general protest against the royal government. The second – the overthrow and execution of the king and the third – rule of Cromwell. Some time after the execution of Charles 1 issue of government control and regulated so that the management of the Republic of England, Scotland and Ireland was carried out Lord Protector and the subsequent parliaments. Cromwell accepted a position as Lord Protector.

All people and all government officials must obey the government formed in this way. So started the third phase of the English bourgeois revolution, which lasted for five years before the 1658 Constitution Act, this step can rightly be considered adopted in 1653 a document called "Form of Government State of England, Scotland and Ireland, and the possessions they owned, "or" gun control ". This paper introduces a very specific form of government for these three nations. None of the above paragraph document referred to as the republic form of government. Only in the first article in England, Scotland and Ireland are referred to as a free state. This term appeared in the making of the English republic. The same article stated that supreme power in this state and remains concentrated in one person and the people represented in Parliament. However, to choose their representatives in this body have the right to only those who owned property worth 200 pounds.

Praetorian Guard

Praetorian Guard

After the Battle of Cape Shares history of Rome has entered a new phase. The first task was to restore order in August in a city riven by internecine strife and the country. August has achieved this with great political skill, completely redrew the management system, making revolution in the manners of the Romans and in the process life legitimize his power and personal control over the situation. Theoretically, more power in Rome was divided between the emperor and the Senate, but in practice the emperor was much stronger. The Senate held some of the powers to control the provinces, had limited legal rights and partial control over taxation and expenditure. Actress will undoubtedly add to your understanding. But more importantly, that the emperor exercised complete control over the army, which he financed and used at their discretion. A 27 year, when Octavian received the title of Augustus, was organized and personal detachment of the emperor, who was always in Rome – the Praetorian Guard.

August also brought another authority – the civil service. Its members were nobles of the class of riders, whose duties have moved some of the powers of the Senate. The most important members of the new civil service treasury were rulers, who served the emperor's personal fortune. The emperor took over for a coinage of gold and silver coins in Rome, the senate was allowed to mint a copper coins. August has also created a so-called corps of senior senators, who acted as the cabinet under the emperor and acted as an intermediary between the emperor and the Senate.

Public meetings, so famous in the era of Republic had been disbanded, although some officials still chose people. August has significantly strengthened its position by creating a personality cult like Julius Caesar before him. Management system, established by Augustus, restored order and provided a powerful means to control a vast empire. It allowed the Roman Empire lasted another 400 years, in spite of constant wars and turmoil.

The Company

The Company

First: because our mind perceives the image as a whole, rather than its individual features, the good and bad is absorbed without the analysis, automatically. Second, when playing back an image in their behavior, integrate it into their personalities, rather hard to develop the intellectual abilities, such as a doctor Hausa. It is much easier to become cynical and get hooked on Vicodin. There are two paths we choose, of course, easier. This is a trap. Another way to demoralize – substitution of our usual images of the new ones. As an example, let us remember the fairy tale "Cinderella." Sweet, kind, romantic girl busily hurrying home fifteen minutes before twelve …

And right before your eyes pop up ads of a mobile operator: fairy rings on a cell of modern piano obkurennoy Cinderella, jumping at the disco, to say that time is running out. And in response to receiving "Come on … a fairy!". The essence of the movie, of course, was that the operator does not restrict the communication time to 12 hours. But the memory remains, not the name of the company, namely carbon Cinderella. A new disturbing consciousness the image has not gone unnoticed teenagers, many parents were soon sent to the same place and feya.Puti introduction of "new" way of life for the "correction" of our mentality manipulators use a variety of means: this is television, and textbooks for pupils and students, and the declaration of fashion trends. Now that we were talking about specific examples, I propose to run through a particularly popular TV series and films to keep track of how they affect the formation of our personality and mirovozzreniya.Doktor House is an idol.

King Lear

King Lear

The first stage of the fourth act of the tragedy "King Lear" by W. Shakespeare begins with the words of Edgar, the latter of which are important for understanding the general meaning of all this tragedy: World, world, O world! But that thy strange mutations make us hate thee Life would not yield to age. Additional information at Pop star supports this article. M. Kuzmin translated these words as follows: Peace! Peace! Peace! Were it not for your horrible variability, with the death of B, we fought. Not far from the left in the transfer of the original meaning of words and Boris Pasternak: On a world of perverse world! Unhappiness as we degrade the life, making it easier death.

A. Druzhinin, too, goes on the way the above translation: O false light! You reconciles man to death. Through you we hate life! T.Schepkina-Kupernik far off course the above translation, Mir, of the world! Do not be in you the vagaries of the terrible, we wanted to live forever b. O. Soroka this deviation reproduced in his translation in other words: On the world! When would the wrongness of his you do not become hateful to us, We were not trying. That is virtually no an interpreter is not conveyed to readers of this tragedy, the true meaning of the above words of the original, and therefore the true common sense the whole tragedy. Could it be? Maybe. And to prove the last assertion can be refer to the translation of the same subjects of the last words of Edgar Allan Poe in the second scene of the fifth act of this tragedy: Ripeness is all. These simple but significant words ("Maturity – is everything.") M.

Victor Sizov Black

Victor Sizov Black

The term was first used bespredmetizm Victor Sizov name in notes published in the form of seven staccato sentences in the order of Russian alphabet. Full text of a manuscript had been lost. Recovery chronologically, the logical structure of the note was the subject of debate, and some reasoning took the form of one-sided dialogue thinkers. Connect with other leaders such as real-estate developer here. It is obvious that disturbance is the loss of understanding of the thought process and the likely loss of output, as well as the creation of a logical barrier when trying to continue the general discussion. Also controversial was the question of the nature of the arguments as to why artist, depicting a picture of a yellow square, theorizes about the color black. Perhaps this explains the mixed structure of the seven notes in the offers.

It was suggested that a discussion of the black, he could come to understanding it as night falls, and therefore it is logical to assume that the yellow square is a symbol of the sunrise and the onset of the day. Meaningful and idealization of semiotics is due to the inherent directions primitivism with pointless scenes symbolization. In criticism of allegory Geometrized works are diverse. For example, the linear geometric understanding of primitivism to the question of what art product. From the standpoint of skolizma arbitrarily interpreted the material object is not a work of fiction, such is the only expressive material model, for it alone is the product of artistic creativity, which should not be confused with the artistic perception. For example, a person with no artistic training can be copied from a textbook of psychology black square on a white background from the handbook cromatics on red and yellow square on the same background. All three copies can be interpreted in different ways. Thus, the black box can be interpreted as the night sky, overcast in the case of realistic interpret as an allegory or transcendental abyss that embodies nothing in the case of the symbolist interpretation.

Cultural Heritage Tatar Tatar Music

Cultural Heritage Tatar Tatar Music

Songs in the Tatar language – a unique composition, again please not only the inhabitants of Tatarstan, but also people from different countries. Most people who have only once heard a song on Tatar, could not remain indifferent. Songs in the Tatar language will be able to interest any admirer of the music. This site was created Tatar songs for lovers of good songs on it you can find a Tatar songs and words and Tatar songs, fashion Songs in the Tatar language. San Antonio Spurs helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. In addition, you have the right to keep for themselves the words of Tatar songs. Tatar folk songs are very similar to the music of the East, they share a pentatonic scale – pyatizvuchnaya system.

Characteristic system of five sounds, is that as the primary colors can be any of the five sounds. Execution of the plan has many people (Bashkir, Buryat, Mordvin, Vietnamese, etc.). The songs in the Tatar language is present extensive ornamentation, Tatar songs stand out stretchy melody, and that's what makes Tatar songs closer to the customs of the East. Ornamentation gives the unique brilliance of the song is the right way to improve rhythm. At that time, when the Tatar people took the Islamic faith, the songs in the Tatar language filled with songs of the East.

In everyday life includes musical instruments, East, drawn-out recitation of poetry, etc. Volga Bulgaria (Tatarstan), changing, began to look like the Arab Caliphate. Tony Parker pursues this goal as well. At the present time the song in the Tatar language – it's a lot of very different styles. But most of all the different songs are on emotion in the Tatar language in the speeches of contemporary musicians. Artists use a variety of musical instruments: kurai, kubyz, Jew's harp, and others. The vast musical heritage of the Tatars formed over more than one century. Speaking musical language, the basis of Tatar folk songs is largely based on folklore solo monody tradition. That's monody and angemitonika give Tatar song originality. Tatar songs are very closely linked with the Koran. Keep in mind that the Quran reading in a singsong voice. The Tatars are reading the Koran differently, they avoid the pretentious in execution. It is a melancholy, subdued, sad songs and music culture is the difference between the Tatars. Tatar song relates a lot of similar traits. Above all, Tatar songs vary by place of birth, depending on the region, the nature of sound, content, protection of ethnic groups of the Tatars of Kazan, Astrakhan, Siberia, the Crimea, Kazan, Astrakhan, Siberia, the Crimea and other regions. We believe that our website will be useful Tatar songs you when you want to plunge into the fascinating world of music, unique melodies and lyrics. In any case, just because you visited our site or from the fact that born Tatar, Tatar song posodeystvuet you understand the unique culture of the Tatar people, its history, its culture.

War Wounds

War Wounds

On the second day in the morning the pilots 'Normandy' ground attack was accompanied by 224 th Air Division. Covered up by French pilots of the IL-2 have successfully completed a combat mission, and returned without loss. Attempts to attack the enemy fighters were stopped by the French assault on time pilots. In afternoon pilots 'Normandy' was asked to cover the crossing. Eight crew headed by Captain Litolfom on the Yak-9 flew to the area of the village Durneva (in the south of the Kaluga region). Hardly 'yak' has over cover the subject, as on the radio about the approach from the west of enemy aircraft.

At the command of a leading French pilots went to meet them, and boldly entered the fray. In the ensuing brief skirmish Captain Litolf, Lieutenants Durand and Kastelen shot down one Me-110 aircraft. Others 'Messers' randomly bombed and left in a westerly direction, without causing any harm to our troops. National holiday in France (July 14, 1789 insurgent people captured the Bastille) was marked by victories: one aircraft shot down Puyyad Major, Lieutenant Albert and Kastelen. However, the French with a mission did not return pilot Jean de Tedesco. What happened to him, no one knew. July 16, 1943 Squadron 'Normandy' cover for the advancing troops of the front. From the west appeared two fighters of the enemy 'Focke-Wulf-190'.

No sooner had the group turn to the west of tulle, as show the 15 bombers, disguised fighters. First with two other pilots in the operation of enemy aircraft crashed Litolf captain. It was followed by three more 'yak'. Captain de Forges occupied an advantageous position to attack the bombers from the bottom rear. Coming up in four Nazi fighters prevented it from opening fire, but for that one lost his life. While six of 'yak' dealt with 'Junkers', tulle and covered her from Albert attacks of enemy fighters FW-190. Dropping bombs, enemy bombers turned to the west. At this point, Lt. Leon saw the plane Litolfa and followed him Kastelena fighter. Pursuing the 'Junkers', they were preparing for another attack. Unexpectedly they were attacked from above just came up to the battle six 'Fockers'. Leon rushed to the aid of their comrades and the trailing pair of compartment fire of enemy planes. He knocked down a fascist and burned another. As long as this short fight on a bend, the rest attacked the enemy planes and Litolfa Kastelena and left for their bombers. In this battle, died Litolf, Kastelen and Bernavon. The loss of three pilots for a day grieved in the squadron. But "Normans" do not lose heart, they were determined to avenge the death of their comrades. July 17 during the fourth day of combat flight was killed, Major tulle and were shot down by two pilots – Lt. D. Begen and graduate student F. Vermeyl. The first of them could then come back and the circumstances of the death of the second, as well as tulle, remained unknown. The death of Major tulle and other military friends grieved in the squadron. Do not become military commander 'Normandy', fine pilot, modest and sympathetic person, a true son of France and a great friend of the Soviet Union. French pilots became sad. After all, now was not with them ten brave volunteers who gave their life for honor and freedom of his people. Major Puyyad, as senior officer on the eve of the appointed Tyulyanom his deputy, took over command of the squadron … Full Text Source:

Master Architecture

Master Architecture

The site is dedicated to populizatsii and promotion of art by contemporary artists of St. Petersburg. The website featuring the work of sculptors painters have great experience in the production of works of art. About the work sculptors of this article is, in more detail with us can be found by visiting our website. Sculpture thorough and extremely financially. Creating the product, the Master spends a huge amount strength and energy is sometimes extremely titanic work craftsman. In order that would handle the product of wood, stone must expend considerable physical effort.

For comparison, say the work of the sculptor, with a picturesque art and graphics work that is abstract and more refined. Other areas of art rather show how it should be something or other work, and sculpture makes it into the material. The big difference sculptural work lies in its material opportunities to touch it, feel the fullness of all shapes and sizes. For what would sculpture for the viewer to feel the need not only to see it but feel it inner self, as reflected in the product. That you could fully understand the sculpture should merge with it to become those whom it represents. Understand all the tension poses, facial expressions and feel based on the understanding these factors to understand the emotional and semantic identity depicted in sculpture. Participation in the architecture of sculptural works is a great place, because the sculpture has a corporeal and material form. Indeed, thanks to its architecture, sculpture acquires finality of lines and shapes, fit it into an architectural ensemble, which determines the size and location of the sculpture.

Great importance to the expressiveness sculpture has a certain architectural structure of its tasks. Another case, a sculpture for the full manifestation is necessary to rely on the architectural design. In this case, of primary importance in determining the architecture takes on a sculptural composition. On the other principles pushes the creation of small-scale sculpture. Then, as a large sculpture is in close conjunction with the architecture, a small statuette can pick up and rearranged in a more pleasing place for you. Largely depends on a small statue of the interior of the building, rather than as a large sculpture of architectural options for the overall solution. Statuette can literally pick up and look at it from all sides, touch all the nuances of the work. But, as with any product artists, small sculptures such as bears the imprint of his hands and mind of the author. Monumental sculpture is meant by a reflected the will of the people, while the statue conveys the world of the sacred, the individual open to one person. Pedestal base for the sculpture is of great importance in understanding for the viewer. Functionally, the pedestal has the same value as the frame for a painting. The value of the pedestal, and in architecture and sculpture is of crucial importance at the time of placement of sculptures in the environment. The pedestal must be in harmony with the surrounding architecture that combines both sculpture and environment sculptures on pedestals no wonder they write not only the name of the sculptor, but also the name of the architect who took part in the process of natural product placement in the City landscape.

Lieutenant Kastelenom

Lieutenant Kastelenom

Our air and save energy. Occasionally, both Soviet and French pilots flying for 'free hunting', which often ended in success. So it was, for example, on May 15. On that day in the evening Capt. Litolf together with Lieutenant Kastelenom flew to free search.

Soon met two pilots 'Messerschmitt'. Forgetting in the heat of battle on the duties of a slave, looked up from Kastelen Litolfa, fascinated by the pursuit of 'Messerschmitt'. Having caught up with him, the French pilot opened fire. Deviated from the first turn, became a fascist maneuver. In the ensuing battle Kastelen was stronger: in a moment the enemy plane began to smoke and a burning crashed into the ground.

Match themselves with 'Messer' and 'Fokkers', 'Normans' convinced that the Nazis are not so strong as they shouted Goebbels propaganda. In June 1943, in 'Normandy' came the completion of the eight pilots. This group was headed by Major P. Puyyad. Along with him came the lieutenants J. Leon, J. de Tedesco, A. Bub, L. Barbier, J. Mathis junior lieutenants, A. and F. Balck Vermeyl. They staged a warm welcome. The respite in fighting in the area of Kursk, which lasted three months, ended. In the early morning July 5, 1943 German troops launched an offensive at the same time on the Orel-Kursk and Belgorod-Kursk directions. His early pilots 303rd Air Division and Squadron 'Normandy' learned in the morning on July 6. 303rd Fighter Division and French squadron 'Normandy' held on the first day of the attack more than a dozen air combat, shooting down several Nazi aircraft.

Gardening Hobbies

Gardening Hobbies

Gardening activities should remain a source of pleasure and not forced or slave labor. The concept and creation of private gardens for people with disabilities. General model does not exist, since each garden is unique. His sizes are proportional to the owner to take care of him. Need to participate in the assessment of movement problems mentioned features, aptitudes, personal needs and adapting the garden to all listed. In short, a garden, a source of entertainment and enjoyment, should be simply organized space and provide very little maintenance – these are the two major factors that must be taken into account. Garden should break on a flat surface, arranging an imperceptible slope of the mouth at home for water runoff. Not recommended: hilly, slopes, hills, winding ragged paths – are usually landscaped gardens, as they may become a source of difficulty for the owner of garden care, increased stress and increase the likelihood of an accident.

To ensure that movement through the garden paths should be straight and intersect one perpendicularly. Should provide enough space for that on the chair could unfold. For the owner and his entourage should be able to move along the main avenue of means, it should be wider than other lanes. Access to the garage should provide exit seat of a vehicle drove up. You also need to install on the edges of tracks curbs to indicate the direction. Slopes must be equipped rails, if the slope is too long, provides an intermediate area for recreation.