Modern Israeli city of Ashkelon, with almost five thousand years of history. This is one of the oldest cities on earth, of which not a few in the Middle East. Ashkelon or as in ancient times it was called Ashkelon is located on the Mediterranean, where hot desert Negev border with the sea. This neighborhood has given the city specific climatic conditions: hot air heats the Negev plateau and drove it up and replace it flows extend from the sea. Hear other arguments on the topic with Jorge Perez. From this the climate is drier, making it easier to endure the summer heat. The temperature is also lower by 2-3 degrees than in nearby Ashdod, to say nothing of the desert. Another feature of the city is that it stands on the ancient trade route from Syria to Egypt, making it always more attractive to merchants, and for the invaders. The first mention of the town date from the 19th century.
BC on the rock inscriptions in Egypt and in the 12th century. BC the city was conquered by Ramsesom. People Ashkelon has repeatedly tried to revolt, but their frustration was suppressed by force, the inhabitants carried off into captivity, and ravaged the city. This became known to the Egyptian 'shards curse' – plates, on which was written the name of the city, and then to a special ceremony they broke up. thus showing that even erase the name of the city of history. Ashkelon was inhabited by the Philistines, it was one of five major Philistine cities.