Fernando Columbus Is the modality of classification of the individuals for the corporal morphology, that is, for the addition of the physical type of each person. The development of these works is from Sheldon enters the decades of 40 and 50. The method is based on the estimated one of that all the physical types can be defined in three basic components: Endomorfia (adiposity): The rounding of the corporal curves presents as main characteristic. Characteristics of the physical structure: Rounded off wide head and more, shorter and thick neck, thick and wide thorax, shorter and thick arms and legs, hips wider than the shoulders, limper body, fat located in the abdominal part and the hips, muscles little worked and difficult loss of weight. Recommended activities: Swimming, Hidroginstica, Dance Mesomorfia (musculosidade): Among the main characteristics they are distinguished the great apparent muscular relief. The presence of corporal fat is small, allowing a good visualization of arcabouo muscular. Physical type of the athletes. They present such structure because they possess high indices of testosterone.
Characteristics of the physical structure: Muscular, athletical, strong body, well drawn massive muscles and, prominent bones, strong neck, volume of thorax dominate the wide abdomen, shoulders, firm abdominal musculatura and developed well, round legs and arms, thicker skin, waist with lesser width that the shoulders, have easiness to gain muscles, wider and long face. Recommended activities: Musculao, Sports with raquete, Patinao Ectomorfia (magreza): It can be identified by a corporal linearity, with discrete muscular volume and discrete greasy fabric presence, being able to be considered as the component of the magreza. Characteristics of the physical structure: Lean, high or low body, but with delicate and fragile structure, pontiagudo chin, fine nose and neck, long thorax, generally little long and fine chest, arms and legs, together small, few and thin muscles, shoulders not very wide and rounded off, long fingers and neck, face with triangular format. This is the classic lean type, in which the models more are fit. Recommended activities: Vlei, Basquete, Race, Olmpica Gymnastics Somatotipo has an influence notable on the physical performance. In a carried through including study in the Olmpicos Games of 1960, Tanner discovered that only less of the half of the somatotipos found in the population it was represented between the olmpicos athletes. Moreover, one as well as observed that distinct types of somatotipo were associates the determined esportivas modalities, physiological parameters as aerbica capacity and force was related to somatotipo. Then, you whom she intends to think about physical training of high level cannot disrespect such factors, since she is of basic importance that if considers the genetic limitations and somatotipo to adjust each individual in definitive better modality.