Immunity – a system to protect our body against disease-causing viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms. In fact, this ability to recognize and neutralize foreign substances, which are often cause serious diseases. Immune processes in the body is provided by special proteins – antibodies that react with antigens of bacteria, viruses, fungi and other foreign elements. Immunity disorders significantly reduce the protective functions of the body, making it vulnerable to various infections. Immunity disorders diagnoses and resolves-immunologist doctor, he also determines the cause and nature of immunodeficiency disease.
However, manifestations of immune disorders can be detected without the use of special equipment. Signs of an immunity may be frequent viral or fungal infections, respiratory diseases, disorders digestive system, periodic and prolonged colds. There are three types of immunity disorders. Primary or congenital immune deficiency manifests itself as a result of failures in the genetic system of the body. Its effects begin to affect in early childhood: a person is regularly exposed to infectious diseases, including hepatitis, herpes infections, ureaplasmosis and, of course, acute respiratory infections and colds. Treatment of primary immunodeficiency carried out using complex immunozamestitelnoy therapy and special preparations. Secondary immune deficiency – it acquired an immunity, which may be caused by the use of antibiotics or hormones drugs.
The reason for an immunity may also be trauma and stress. The consequences of secondary immunodeficiency can become chronic diseases of various organ systems. It may also include HIV – virus disease, leading to a change in the genetic apparatus of cells of the immune system and their subsequent destruction. The third type of immunity disorders – autoimmune disease. The reasons for their occurrence may be common disease requires a complex laboratory tests. Blood tests, studies of antibodies, the immune status of the overall test will determine what caused the deterioration of well-being, because as an infectious disease can cause immune deficiency and immune disorders can cause disease. When violations of immunity acute susceptibility to viral, bacterial and fungal diseases, so – to avoid complications – for the effective treatment of viral infections should apply not only to the specialist, but also a doctor, immunologist. The difficulty in treatment of viral diseases is that to date there are no medications that can effectively fight off viruses – a challenge to the forces of only body's immune system, which not only combats viral particles, but also detects and destroys the cells with altered genetics.