The System of Rights in Habermas. Human rights and the Tradition Occidental person: A Description-Structural Perspective If to accept that history is one register of social change, and this is interpreted as structural change, then a history will be had to be counted many times, what if it becomes interesting for the understanding of the Human Rights. It is certain known that the reciprocal systems of rights and duties must be so old as the proper human beings, by the way, the normative content concrete varies with ‘ ‘ Law of Talio’ ‘ , in positive formularizations, negative or both, many used times as metanorma. The self-reference will be the abutment for the behavior stops with the other, that is, metanorma is self-centered: ‘ ‘ It makes to the others what you want that the others make you ti’ ‘.
In one soon reference centered in God, either it imanente or transcendente, then e, respectively, the rights of the Other and the duties of I derive from the duties stop with a transcendental God. Example of this illation can be found in ‘ ‘ Ten Mandamentos’ ‘ , which constitutes the duty of the man stops with God, as ethical vertical line, transcendental, in opposition to the horizontal ethics imanente. Really, when analyzing the Culture Occidental person with the weight of its traditions, we verify that the exercise of the power has been distributed: however in the religious institutions; however in the agencies politicians of one determined system. He seems that the first ones if point out in that idea of a transcendental God, it are of me, of the human beings; e, in the seconds, will have a God imanente, centered in me and the people who integral, daqui resulting a correlation of rights and duties that if would have to balance. Throughout History situations of supremacy of ones in relation to others are identified, and, if it is certain that during the Average Age the structures omnipresente and omnipotente in such a way if could find in the clergy as in the absolute monarchies, today, the separation of powers, leaves to the criterion of the share civil politics, the implementation and control of the Human Rights.